How to Cure PCOS Permanently?
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a neuroendocrinal (hormonal) condition affecting the ovaries. Usually, there are multiple fluid-filled cysts present on the ovaries which result in an inability to release an egg every month. Therefore, the hormonal disturbance causes the increase in male hormone, insulin resistance, and a variety of symptoms associated with PCOS.
The answer to this frequently asked question unfortunately is NO, you can’t cure PCOS permanently. However, the positive aspect is that there are several ways the PCOS symptoms can be managed, limited, and even reversed in some cases. This includes medications, supplements, and various lifestyle modifications. Let's discuss them one by one;
PCOS management precisely aims at targeting individual problems and symptoms. Some medications typically prescribed to cope with the PCOS symptoms are as follows:
Your doctor is likely to prescribe you hormonal contraceptives, commonly known as" pills" for PCOS symptoms if you are not yet sexually active or trying to conceive. These are typically a combination of estrogen and progesterone hormone tablets taken throughout the month i.e for 30 days. They suppress ovulation and thus limit the further formation of follicles and cysts within the ovaries.
Moreover, PCOS is considered a risk factor for Endometrial ( womb lining) cancer, which is prevented by Oral contraceptives.
Medications that increase insulin sensitivity E.g Metformin to the body are effective for PCOS since it causes excess insulin accumulation, which cannot be utilized by the body. Moreover, metformin and other insulin sensitizer have proven effects on improving metabolism, balancing BMI, and helping weight reduction.
PCOS acts as a notorious barrier when it comes to getting pregnant and maintaining pregnancy because of the anovulatory cycles and hormonal imbalances.
It might be prescribed by the doctor if you are trying to conceive because it supports and triggers the release of the ovum(egg) from the ovaries, the first crucial step for fertilization.
In case the medication is not working, IVF (In-Vitro fertilization) is also a considerable option.
“Laparoscopic Ovarian Drilling” is a surgical procedure for PCOS. Under general anesthesia, a hole is made in the lower belly through which a small medical camera is inserted. A probe inserted through another hole drills the fluid out of the cysts present on the ovaries. This; however, is not a first-line treatment for PCOS. It is considered only when all other interventions fail.
“You are what you eat” holds true especially when it comes to PCOS. Changing daily eating habits and schedule can help you cope with the PCOS symptoms and prevent further aggravation of the condition:
Cut Out Processed Foods
White sugar, white rice, white pasta, and white bread can negatively impact your glycemic control and are devoid of nutritional properties. Moreover, they cause inflammation within the body, aggravating PCOS which itself is an inflammatory condition. In other words, they cause increased weight gain with empty calories, which proves disastrous for PCOS patients.
Moreover, dairy products like broiler meat with hormones injected into them also vigorously affect health, especially in PCOS patients. They should be avoided as much as possible.
Inculcate natural foods like leafy green vegetables, low sugar fruits, legumes, lentils, and nuts in your diet. These have antioxidant properties which are effective and useful for several conditions including PCOS.
Plant products and oils like olive oil and primrose oil are effective in regulating metabolism and improving fertility. Try to incorporate them into your daily routine.
Studies have proved a 63% regain of menstrual regularity and a 12% increase in spontaneous pregnancy achievement in a patient with PCOS after taking an anti-inflammatory diet.
Natural anti-inflammatory substances like turmeric, tomato, and fish like tuna and salmon are very beneficial for PCOS. Not only are these high energy sources for the body but also reduce the inflammation of the ovaries thus helping with PCOS symptoms.
Instead of fasting all day or several hours and then binge-eating at once, divide your meals into smaller portions to help the body adjust and digest accordingly. This also helps with PCOS-induced cravings.
There are proven results of exercise and positive lifestyle modification in PCOS. Reduction of as little as 5% of the body weight can help reduce and control PCOS symptoms. You can start with a 30 minutes’ walk daily and increase it gradually. It will help the body adapt to physical activity and reduce weight.
However, vigorous and strenuous exercise should be avoided in PCOS. This is because it causes the release of Cortisol- The stress hormone in the body.
Cortisol is a pro-diabetic hormone and causes an increase in blood sugar levels.
A Light but consistent exercise is recommended for patients with PCOS.
The Takeaway Message
Although PCOS is a chronic condition, with no cure so far, there are several management options. Although hormonal medications are helpful, they should be avoided in a long run. By following a proper lifestyle modification schedule one can achieve a significant decrease in PCOS symptoms. It is strongly recommended to consult your doctor for a diagnosis before using any medication for PCOS.