How much does genetic testing cost, and when do you get the result?
During pregnancy, your body goes through a lot. You could be curious about the developmental stage of your baby. Most importantly, you may worry about whether or not everything is okay.
Genetic testing gives parents and medical professionals a window into the baby's growth. It helps you and your doctor to identify if there are any genetic problems that require attention before, during, or after your pregnancy. Below is all the information you need to know about these tests, how much they cost, and when you should take them.
What is genetic testing?
It's time to schedule your prenatal checkup after the joy and excitement of learning you are pregnant. You will undergo several tests throughout your nine months to determine your and your baby's health.
There are some tests that determine if there are any genetic problems that your baby might have. With the help of these tests, you can obtain important information that will enable you to provide your child with the best possible care.
You can take this test at the beginning of the 10th week of your pregnancy. How much time you get the result depends on the test, the technology used, and the laboratory. In some circumstances, you might get your results in a few days, while in others, it might take one or two weeks.
Having said that, you should be aware that these genetic examinations are optional. It is up to you whether you want to take them or not.
Types of genetics tests
Prenatal genetic testing falls into two categories. These two categories are screening and diagnostics. The main difference between these two is that with screening, you get the idea about the possibility of an issue, while in diagnosis, you get more definitive and detailed information.
Screening tests, including blood tests or ultrasounds, are typically non-invasive and give results that could show a baby is at risk for certain illnesses or birth defects.
Diagnostic testing can offer conclusive information regarding health conditions or birth problems and are typically more invasive, such as retrieving placenta fragments.
Things to consider
You know that genetic testing is optional; now, you might wonder if you should go for this test or not. However, there is nothing wrong with being extra cautious, but you can consider the following factors that will help you to make an informed decision.
Age: Age plays an important role when deciding to take this test. As you become older, especially after the age of thirty-five, the risk increases. So it is advised to go for genetic testing.
Ethnicity: There are some birth defects and chromosomal conditions that are more prevalent in people from various ethnic backgrounds.
The medical history of the family: If some genetic condition runs into your family, then there is a high chance that it will pass on to your baby too.
Your Pregnancy history: If you have had a child who was born with a congenital disability or some genetic disorder, it may be more likely to pass it on to your next baby.
Genetic testing gives you time to weigh your alternatives or look for assistance if the result is positive. It depends on you and your partner, or you might not want to know this information. In the end, it is your personal choice.
Interpretation of test results
If your test produces a positive result, the genetic condition or birth defect the test was screening for is more likely to affect your baby. If this occurs, your doctor will review the various alternatives and any extra care you might require during and after your pregnancy.
There is also a possibility that your doctor might refer you to a specialist so that you get to know more about the issue. Once more, no screening test result is ever a simple yes or no. Instead, screening test highlight the possibility of specific illnesses and birth abnormalities. Additional testing is used to confirm positive screening test results.
Importance Of Genetic Testing
It does not matter if there is some gene mutation in the test, but having done genetic testing is advantageous. Test results might help people feel less uncertain and make wise decisions about how to care for their baby or what steps they must follow.
For instance, in some circumstances, a negative outcome can reduce the need for pointless examinations and screening tests. A favorable outcome points the parents toward available alternatives for monitoring, prevention, and treatment.
How much does genetic testing cost?
Prenatal genetic testing cost depend on the test type and your insurance. When a patient's doctor recommends genetic testing, health insurance often pays for it. The patients with insurance only have to pay for the lab copays and the doctor visit.
Generally, the genetic testing cost ranges from $100 to around $1,000; the majority of tests are paid for by insurance. You can be confident that your insurance will pay the cost of genetic tests if you have a high-risk pregnancy.
Additionally, there are other solutions available for low-risk pregnancies. Also, keep in mind that tests using more recent technologies will cost more. Several laboratories offer discounted self-pay options, too, that will b beneficial if your insurance does not cover the costs.
Genetic testing does help you to get valuable information regarding your baby's health, but the decision to undergo this test is entirely up to you. Speaking with your doctor or a genetic counselor about the advantages and disadvantages of genetic testing is crucial; just like any other test, genetic offers both advantages and disadvantages.
It is important to work with a licensed genetic counselor who will help you understand the advantages and restrictions of the test, the testing fee, possible results, the implications of the results, etc.